What does it mean when the tệp tin or directory is corrupted & unreadable? The tệp tin or directory is corrupted and unreadable is a comtháng error that always appears when you connect an external storage device, including external hard drive, USB flash drive, SD thẻ và more, khổng lồ a Windows computer, no matter which system version it runs, Windows 11, Windows 10, Windows 8 or 7. Once you see this error message, you"ll be unable lớn access the data in your external storage devices.

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Sounds terrible? No need lớn panic. In this post, you"ll learn 7 effective sầu methods lớn fix this error. Additionally, you"ll learn the reasons behind this issue so you can avoid the situation next time. Let"s dive sầu right in!

"The tệp tin or directory is corrupted & unreadable" error can be caused by various reasons. But no matter what causes the error, you can try the following solutions lớn fix the issue.

1. Change the Location of Inaccessible Files

This is definitely the easiest method to lớn try if you have "The file or directory is corrupted & unreadable" issue. By changing the location of those inaccessible files, you have sầu chance to lớn open it normally.

2. Disable or Uninstall Anti-Virus Software

Sometimes, the antivirut software will interfere with the external hard drive sầu & thus prevent the PC lớn read the device normally. To wipe out the error, you can disable or uninstall the firewall và antivirus software. After that, restart the PC và replug in the external storage device to check whether it works.


3. Scan Drive from Disk Properties

Actually, this is another way to check the errors on your hard drive. It can fix the file system errors and scan for bad sectors. Compared lớn the first method, this one is much easier. Le"s kiểm tra how it works.

Double click to open (My) Computer. Locate the hard drive sầu that has the issue "The file or directory is corrupted và unreadable".

Right-click on it, and choose Properties.

Clichồng on the Tools tab. You"ll see a Check button. Cliông chồng on it khổng lồ scan the hard drive.

If there is any error found on the hard drive sầu, it"ll remind you and you can choose khổng lồ repair the hard drive.


4. Perkhung the Startup Repair of the Disk

To prevent various errors that may happen on Windows, the developers created a build-in tool to lớn solve the common PC problems. And if you are irritated by the "The tệp tin or directory is corrupted và unreadable" problem, you can try the startup repair. And in the very beginning, you need to boot your PC into lớn Advanced Startup Options thực đơn. Here is how lớn vì it on Windows 11/10:

Go lớn Start menu > Settings > Update & security > Recovery > Restart Now.

Your computer will go into an option thực đơn, then you need lớn cliông xã Troubleshoot & then Advanced Options.

Now your PC is in Advanced Startup Options menu & you need lớn clichồng the Startup Repair option.

Now you are all done, the system will repair all the potential errors và restart after that. You can wait for the whole process to lớn complete và then try plug in your external device again.


5. Perkhung a Disk Check through CMD on Windows 11/10/8/7

The Next thing to bởi when you encounter "The file or directory is corrupted và unreadable" error is lớn perkhung a disk check to lớn see if there are any fixable issues on the disk. You will need khổng lồ use the comm& named chkdsk for this purpose. This command scans the drive và fixes various issues like lost clusters, bad sectors, cross-linked files, directory errors, etc.

Follow these instructions:

Launch CMD on your Windows PC via the Start Menu. Right cliông xã on it khổng lồ run it as administrator.

Type chkdsk /f x: in the Comm& Prompt window và press Enter to lớn exedễ thương the commvà. X here is the drive sầu letter of the corrupted partition that you want to lớn kiểm tra. Please replace it with your own drive letter.


Once you exedễ thương the above-mentioned comm&, Windows will scan the drive. It always contains 3 stages, & the checking time totally depends on your data kích thước and the read speed of the drive. During the checking process, it will fix the error simultaneously. Once done, the File Explorer will refresh, and the hard drive sầu will be accessible.

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If you see a message lượt thích "Chkdsk cannot run because the volume is in use by another process. Would you lượt thích khổng lồ schedule this volume lớn be checked the next time the system restarts? (Y/N)", you can type Y & restart your computer khổng lồ finish the kiểm tra. Your disk won"t be formatted.

After you exeđáng yêu the command line, there is a possibility that you"ll see another message - Cannot open volume for direct access. It means that there is something blocking you from repairing the errors. If that"s the case, you can try to restart your computer.

Additionally, Unable khổng lồ determine volume version và state. CHKDSK aborted. is another common message you"ll see. It means that the information inside the volume is corrupted. The faschạy thử way khổng lồ solve this issue is by reformatting the volume.

6. Format the Device without Losing Data

If the above sầu 5 solutions failed, then you can only khổng lồ format the hard drive sầu. Formatting the hard drive will fix the problem but it will also erase your valuable files. However, you can use a tool khổng lồ extract or recover the important files on your hard disk before and after formatting it.

There are 3 ways khổng lồ format a hard drive lớn fix "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable" issue.

Let"s break each method down.

Method 1: Format from File Explorer

xuất hiện My Computer/This PC and navigate khổng lồ your damaged external hard drive sầu.

Right-cliông xã on it & then cliông xã the Format option.

Now choose the file system and also tick the Quiông xã Format under Format options. Next, click on the Start button lớn start formatting.

Method 2: Format from Disk Management

Right-clichồng on the Windows button. Choose Disk Management from the list.

Locate your damaged hard disk and right-click on it. You"ll see a Format option.

Cliông chồng on it & the Format dialog will appear. Customize the settings & press OK to lớn begin khổng lồ process.

Method 3: Format a Hard Drive using Commvà Prompt

This method is a little bit complicated and time-consuming. And a mistake will cause damage to your operating system or other important data. Therefore, please follow the guideline below closely.

Type Comm& Prompt in the tìm kiếm bar. Navigate to it & run as administrator.

Type diskpart và press Enter.

Type list disk và press Enter.

A các mục of the available hard disks will show up. Type select disk x and press Enter. You should replace x with the real disk number that you want khổng lồ format.

Type clean. Please make sure that you have typed the correct disk number in the last step before you press Enter here.

Once done, you need khổng lồ create a new partition so that your hard disk is accessible. So, we need khổng lồ type the commvà create partition primary here.

Now, format your hard disk to lớn a new file system. The commvà needs lớn enter here is format fs=ntfs.

Finally, type assign to lớn assign a drive sầu letter for the partition.

Extract & Recover All Your Files from Hard Disk Before or After Formatting

Some people may suffer from data loss during the repair process and wonder how to lớn save the situation. That"s why we recommover this tool lớn you. viettiep.info is a powerful tool that can extract all your files from a hard disk before you format it. Apart from that, it can also recover data from your formatted hard disk as long as the data has not been overwritten. (In order lớn increase the chance of data recovery, it"s recommended not to lớn write data to your hard disk after formatting.)

Most importantly, even if you failed khổng lồ open files with the methods above sầu, the build-in repair function of viettiep.info can help you open the corrupted files normally. In a word, by using viettiep.info, all scanned data can be extracted or recovered & kept original.

Why should you use viettiep.info:

Fast Scanning: It adopts all-round scan & deep scan that can greatly increase the scanning tốc độ. Easy lớn Use: Using the software is also very easy thanks khổng lồ its user-friendly interface. You can extract or recover all files with just a few clicks. Wide Range of Application: Supports over 1000 file formats recovery, including photos, videos, music, documents (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, PDF, etc.), archive, gmail, etc. Free khổng lồ Try: You can extract or recover 8 files for free, no kích thước limit.Broad Compatibility: Works well with Windows 11/10/8/7 as well as all macOS versions.
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Here is how to use viettiep.info:

Step 1. Firstly, launch viettiep.info on your computer và select the location where you lost data.


Step 2. After clicking on the Start button, the program will start an all-round scan và deep scan simultaneously on the location you selected.


Step 3. Finally, pReviews the scanned files và select those files you want khổng lồ recover or extract, then cliông xã on Recover button lớn get your lost data baông xã.


7. Reinstall or Downgrade the Windows System

The final resort for you is lớn reinstall the existing Windows version if your PC is running a version below Windows 11. And if it is running Windows 11 now, you can try to lớn downgrade it as the newest system version is buggy và vulnerable. By reinstalling or downgrading the system, all the hidden issues can be solved effectively, whereas you may face much severer problems & data loss. Anyway, it is a way out và you can have sầu a try.

Part 2: Causes for "The File or Directory is Corrupted và Unreadable"

There are various reasons behind the error. Once you learn the causes of this error, you can avoid this situation next time.

Cause 1: Corrupted FAT or MFT

The NTFS file system contains a tệp tin called MFT (Master File Table). It stores the type, form size, date/time of creation, date/time of modification, & any other information of a file or directory. Therefore, once MFT gets damaged, the system won"t be able lớn access the partition with NTFS file system.

FAT is a tệp tin system developed for hard drives. The same as MFT, FAT is also used to lớn store tệp tin information. So, the damaged FAT will also lead khổng lồ "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable" error.

Cause 2: Physical Damage

Some physical damage khổng lồ the hard disk can cause bad sectors. If a disk sector is permanently damaged, all information stored on that sector will get lost. When a bad sector is detected & marked, the operating system can access the data on it.

Cause 3: Improper Operations

If you eject a hard disk or a USB flash drive sầu from the computer when it"s transferring or reading the data, you"ll thua some important files containing system information. In fact, this is the main reason for the error.

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Cause 4: Virus Infection

When you surf the Internet or download some programs from inofficial websites, there is a great possibility that your computer will be infected with vi khuẩn. Obviously, those viruses will damage your tệp tin, your operating system, even the external devices you connected khổng lồ the computer.


The physical damage to lớn the hard disk, improper operations và virut infection will all lead to lớn the issue of "The file or directory is corrupted & unreadable" in Windows 11/10/8/7. So, it"s important to lớn protect your hard disk from physical damage và install some anti-virut programs on your computer to disinfect the disk regularly. We hope the methods above can help you solve sầu this problem, và if you suffer from data loss during the process, viettiep.info is always ready lớn give sầu you a h&. Just tải về & give sầu it a try!